Summary of aforesaid

December 13, 2009

It can be noticed from the previous post that the mighty empire in India disintegrated into further small kingdoms after Ashoka. Along with that the weaponry and technical know how of the people also began to diminish. By the time when Mughals attacked many of the finest weapons had been buried along with the knowledge of  their constructional details.

Some proofs

Those who find it difficult to believe this story should read more about the Nalanda and Thakshashila universities, the astronomical observatory Jantar Mantar, Iron pillar near Qutub minar, Ajantha Ellora cave pictures etc. They will give a brief account of how advanced technologies existed in India. Only recently was two books Charaka Samhitha and Sushrutha Samhita translated into english by Dr.valiyathan of SCTIMS because he found them useful.

Education System

Ancient Indians had their own education system which was better than the present education system. Some  people might argue that the sciences taught there were not really the modern principles. Like , Instead of elemental chemistry perhaps they used the science of compounds which is  called ignominiously alchemy in the present world. But their education system was better than the present education system in the country because they used verses to represent their knowledge. Pupil used to recite the verses daily until they finished with their education. This would stay in their memory until their death. Also, suppose the verses contained an information about making an alloy they denoted it a s a string sequence which was easier to remember and also would enhance the memorizing capability of the individual.

Art and Literature

Ancient Indians had the finest imagination and aesthetic skills. Many of the works in literature during those times are invaluable . The works like that of Kalidasa has beautiful depiction of unfathomable bond between nature and humans. The language used those days were Sanskrit which means refined. It was found by the scientists of the NASA that sanskrit is the only unambigously spoken language of the planet. Indian music was well defined with the classification of notes called Ragas. Many dance forms were present even at the time of  Chandraguptha-II aka Vikramadithya.

Untold Story- I

December 7, 2009

Ancient India

Chandraguptha II

Chandraguptha II or Vikramaditya reigned India once .This period is known as the Golden Age in Indian History. Inherited a large kingdom and defeated the Sakas to annex Gujarat and Saurasthra and made Ujjain his second capital. His empire extended from the Gujarat in the north to Malwa in the central. He had his capital in the wonderful city of Pataliputra.

It his during his rule, that the cultural development of Ancient India reached it’s climax. His court comprised of geniuses to the likes of Kalidasa and Susruta. Kalidasa was a famous poet whose work is still treasured and the great physician Susruta’s books on surgery are considered legendary.

During his reign the famous Chinese pilgrim Fa-Hien visited India and wrote a detailed account of his kingdom. Marco Polo, the Italian traveler has referred him as an ideal ruler. He was succeeded by his son Kumaragupta who was a great scholar and built the Nalanda University.

Bimbisara (558-491 B.C.)

Bimbisara (558-491 B.C.), the greatest patron of Goutam Budhha, was one of the early kings of the ancient indian kingdom of Magadha. He extended his kingdom upto Anga in the east and this expansion is considered to have laid the foundation for the vast expansion of the Maurya Empire in future.
Bimbisara belonged to the Shishunaga Dynasty and Rajgir was his capital. This great king was unfortunately imprisoned by his own son Ajatashatru in his intense desire to become the monarch.

Gargi

Women of the Vedic period were prominent with their exemplary intellectuality and supreme spiritual attainment. Gargi is one of those exceptional women and one of the well known scholars and prophetess.

When King Janak of Videha organized a ‘Brahmayajna’- a philosophic meet, her participation was highly estimated. She presented a series of questions on the soul or ‘Atman’ which silenced even the greatest sage of that time – Yajnavalkya.
Gargi has got mentions in the Upanishads. She is honored there as a great natural philosopher.

Chandraguptha  Mourya

Born in 340 BC Chandragupta was the founder of Mauryan Empire in India. He was the first ruler who consolidated almost whole of India and for the first time ruled the unified India. Historian are of different opinion regarding the birth of Chandragupta, some believe him to be from Magadha, as the son of a Nanda Prince, while others connect him to Gandhara. He was the disciple of Chanakya, a teacher in Taxila.

Chanakya saw the prince of Taxila, Ambhi, making treaty with Alexander, and felt very bad and realized the need of an empire that can stand against the foreign invasion. He found child Chandragupta to be very brilliant in military and administrative skills and started tutoring him. Chandragupta with the help of Chanakya, started building the famous Mauryan Empire, and defeated King Dhana Nanda. He formed many other alliances and built a composite army of Yavanas, Kambojas, Shakas, Kiratas, Parasikas and Bahlikas. After defeating Dhana Nanda he acquired his army and territory and used all this in acquiring more territories. His empire extended from Bay of Bengal in the East to Arabian Sea in the West. He entered into an alliance with Seleucus in 305 BC, and as a result he got Western Territories of Southern Afghanistan and parts of Persia. Seleucus sent his ambassador, Megasthenes, to the court of Chandragupta Maurya. Megasthenes wrote an elaborate account of the army and power of the king.
In his last days Chandragupta gave away his throne to his son, Bindusara, and spent his life as a Jain ascetic.

Bindusara (298 B.C.-273 B.C.)

Bindusara (298 B.C.-273 B.C.), son of Chandra Gupta, was the second to sit on the throne of the Great Mauryan Dynasty with his empire expanding all over Baluchistan, Afghanistan, Assam, Orissa, Bengal, Bihar, Mysore, Vindhyas, Narmada and Hindukush as far as Mysore down south.He was called ‘Amitrochates‘ or the destroyer of enemies by the Greeks.

Ashoka

ASHOKA or better known as the Emperor Ashoka The Great was a Mauryan King. He was the son of the Emperor Bindusara and one of his queens named Dharma. He ruled India from 273 BC to 232 BC. He made many conquests during his rule and reigned over most parts of India, parts of South Asia and Persia. Science fiction novelist H.G. Wells wrote of Ashoka,

In the history of the world there have been thousands of kings and emperors who called themselves ‘their highness’, their majesties’, and their exalted majesties’ and so on. They shone for a brief moment, and as quickly disappeared. But Ashoka shines and shines brightly like a bright star, even unto this day.”

Kanishka

Kanishka was a king of the Kushana Empire in South Asia. He was famous for his military, political and spiritual achievements, and along with Ashoka and Harshavardhana is considered to be the greatest king by Buddhists. He had a vast empire, it extended from Oxus in the East to Varanasi in the West, and from Kashmir in the North to the coast of Gujarat including Malwa in the South. The date of his accession to the throne is not certain, but is believed to be 78 AD. This year marks the beginning of an era, which is known as the Shaka era. Under the reign of Kanishka, Kushana dynasty reached the zenith of its power and became the mighty empire in the world.

Harshavardhana

Harshavardhana was an Indian emperor who belonged to Pushibhukti family. He was born around 580 AD and is believed to be the son of Prabhakar Vardhan, the founder of Vardhan Dynasty. At the height of his glory his kingdom spanned the Punjab, Bengal, Orissa and the entire Indo-Gangetic plain north of the Narmada river. Harsha was a secular ruler and respected all the religions and faiths. According to the Chinese pilgrim Xuanzang, who visited the kingdom of Harsha in 636 AD, Harsha built many Buddhist Stupas. He was also a great patron of the Nalanda University. He was the first to establish the Sino-Indian diplomatic relationships. He ruled India for almost forty years, and died in 647 AD, leaving behind no heir to the throne.

Narasimha Varman I

Narasimha Varman I was one of the most famous Pallava kings and was successful to maintain the supremacy which his father Mahendravarman had established. He won over the Chalukya king, Pulakesin II to avenge his father’s defeat. He inherited his father’s love for art and sculpture.

Narasimha ruled between 645 and 670 AD. During his rule he was able to establish the dominance of the Pallava Empire in the South. He was an excellent war strategist. He defeated Pulakesin II and destroyed the Chalukyan capital, Vatapi. He sent naval expeditions to Ceylon to help Manavamna. Narasimha was a good wrestler and he was also called as Mamallan or the ‘Great Wrestler‘.

The city of Mamallapuram was named after him. It was during his reign, the famous Chinese traveller Hieun-Tsang visited Kanchi. He wrote a vivid and excellent account of Narasimha’s Kingdom.

Problems In India

December 6, 2009

It is a matter of fact that our administration system, politics are not up to expectations of the people here.But this shouldn’t leave the people with the belief that we must abandon the country.If we are seriously patriotic we will find  a way to make this country a better place.

The problems of our country are well-known and I don’t need to repeat all of them here and there is no use of it.Within just 60 years after the independence we have achieved some remarkable accomplishments even when the population of the country is so high.There have been/are/will be fantastic brains in this country. Just like any individual who is struggling out of depression what we need now is an ounce of confidence.

Everyone in this country can make a difference. Believe in thy strength.Learn to dream. Dream big always rather than having some petty wishes. Initially we will have to face hardships but the reward will be worth more than that.Instead of quarreling in the name of caste or religion we will have to be serious in our work no matter how ever small it is. There are so many things that can be done in this country. There are all the necessary tools available in this country to do the works. But we are all greedy and want to earn riches withing no time. During adolescence every body will have brighter dreams. But at a later stage in life the people resort to doing corruption and crimes and say the reason that nothing will become better here so i decided to make my fortune at least. In effect we will be making the country more worse a place.

Take the thrill out of successfully serving the nation rather than the thrill of partying and pubs. Always remember to give back all the good things that happened in your life to some one who deserve.The way to success is to have a perfect mind devoid of greed, laziness and emotional conflicts.All the best 🙂

Tale of Ancient India

December 6, 2009

This is about India….People here….A tale…..fascinating than the fictions.The story of India…refined culture and language…..

I never had the idea to blog on something until recently I found out that the youths of India do not identify any reason to be proud of India. Due to globalization people began to know more about the west and their culture and found it easy to adopt to their style. This  I suppose is due to the  ease of life India offers to them. They have never had  to pass through the pain of achieving freedom or money to sustain life.

The colleges I went had many upper class family’s  children and their  motto  is only to enjoy life without any duties….and the reason behind it they say is that life comes only once.They suppose that it is enough if we don’t resort to any crime. They don’t feel the necessity to fulfill social obligations .

My friends used  to compare their dress and accessory brands, boasted of their parents, bought costlier vehicles, categorized  and formed friend circles based on financial status. They can’t respect any thing of the past . They forget that if this is the culture that we are going to pass on to the next generation then even our achievements will be dishonored someday.Or is it because they don’t plan to achieve anything in their life …I don’t understand eitherway.

What ever is the reason I strongly feel it that we need to respect all the achievements we had till now and certainly need to respect all the achievers too instead of calling them past glory.


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